Overview of City
Cambridge is a university city on the River Cam in eastern England, home to the world-famous University of Cambridge, dating to 1209. University colleges include King’s, famous for its choir, and towering Gothic chapel, as well as Trinity, founded by Henry VIII, and St John’s, with its 16th-century Great Gate. University museums have exhibits on archaeology and anthropology, polar exploration, the history of science and zoology.
Cambridge is the county town of Cambridgeshire and the second largest settlement in that county, after St Neots. The Cambridge Biomedical Campus, one of the largest biomedical research clusters in the world, is soon to house premises of AstraZeneca, a hotel, and the relocated Papworth Hospital.
Cambridge is at the heart of the high-tech Silicon Fen with industries such as software and bioscience and many start-up companies have been born out of the university. Over 40 per cent of the workforce have a higher education qualification, more than twice the national average.
There is evidence of a settlement at Cambridge dating back to the Bronze Age, though it developed as a trading centre in the Roman and Viking ages and didn’t have official city status conferred upon it until the mid-20th Century
The buildings of the university include King’s College Chapel, Cavendish Laboratory, and the Cambridge University Library, one of the largest legal deposit libraries in the world. Anglia Ruskin University, which evolved from the Cambridge School of Art and the Cambridgeshire College of Arts and Technology, also has its main campus in the city
The first game of association football took place at Parker’s Piece. The Strawberry Fair music and arts festival and Midsummer Fair take place on Midsummer Common, and the annual Cambridge Beer Festival takes place on Jesus Green. The city is adjacent to the M11 and A14 roads. Cambridge station is less than an hour from London King’s Cross railway station.