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Colchester Castle is a Norman Castle, built from the second half of the eleventh century. The castle has been saved and is mostly intact. It is the largest example of its kind to be found anywhere in Europe.
The Castle began to be constructed in 1076. It is said that the castle was built under the supervision on Gundulf, Bishop of Rochester who also built the white tower in London. King William I wanted the castle to be placed on a strategic route between East Anglia and London. Since there was a lack of local quality stone, Norman builders plundered Roman Colchester to build their keep.
The Castle has Roman foundations; with the Normans constructing the castle over the remains of Roman Temple of Claudius, built when Colchester was the first Roman Capital of Britain.
Colchester Castle was built to a similar plan to the White Tower in London both with an apsidal extension. Colchester Castle have some pronounced differences, the corner turrets are more pronounced and its main staircase is one of the largest newel staircase in Britain it measures 5 meters across its diameter.
During the construction of the castle it was required to be defended at a short notice and was hurriedly crenelated, hence, it was thought that the castle was originally singe- story, after the danger had passed, the construction on the other floors was restarted. To this day it is still possible to see traces of crenulations in the wall.
it is said at the end of the 17th Century, the castle was going to be demolished by a private owner, however the owner gifted the castle to as a wedding present to Charles Gray, who was known as a lawyer and antiquarian The castle changed into a museum in 1860, and consisted of archaeological treasures. The 2013/2014 refurbishment of the Castle is considered to be the biggest most valuable development the since at the very least the 1920s.